Teachers are often unaware of the gender distribution of talk in their classrooms. They usually consider that they give equal amounts of attention to girls and boys, and it is only when they make a tape recording that they realize that boys are dominating the interactions. Dale Spender, an Australian feminist who has been a strong advocate of female rights in this area, noted that teachers who tried to restore the balance by deliberately ‘favouring’ the girls were astounded to find that despite their efforts they continued to devote more time to the boys in their classrooms. Another study reported that a male science teacher who managed to create an atmosphere in which girls and boys contributed more equally to discussion felt that he was devoting 90 per cent of his attention to the girls. And so did his male pupils. They complained vociferously that the girls were getting too much talking time.
In other public contexts, too, such as seminars and debates, when women and men are deliberately given an equal amount of the highly valued talking time, there is often a perception that they are getting more than their fair share. Dale Spender explains this as follows:
“The talkativeness of women has been gauged in comparison not with men but with silence. Women have not been judged on the grounds of whether they talk more than men, but of whether they talk more than silent women.”
In other words, if women talk at all, this may be perceived as ‘too much’ by men who expect them to provide a silent, decorative background in many social contexts.
I am making a tumblr for the heroine of my upcoming Regency romance True Pretenses. She’s an heiress who enjoys political work and philanthropy, and she participates in her town’s yearly craft auction for charity. Can you recommend tumblrs for her to follow? Suggested topics: ethical giving, crafting. Thanks!! <3
The Metropolitan Museum of Art
name us and the contract will be sealed
[image description: 2 small plastic dolls in a box reading WE HAVE NO NAMES BUY AND NAME US]
Manchester City Galleries
Natuurkundige beschryving eener uitmuntende verzameling van zeldsaame gedierten : bestaande in Oost- en Westindische viervoetige dieren, vogelen en slangen : weleer leevend voorhanden geweest zynde, buiten den Haag, op het Kleine Loo van Z.D.H. den Prins van Oranje-Nassau / door A. Vosmaer ; met naar ‘t leven Getekende en Gecouleurde Afbeeldingen.
The Kyoto Costume Institute